PRIORITY AREAS OF TURKMENISTAN IN THE NEW STAGES OF WORLD DEVELOPMENT


 

Despite the unfavorable political events occurring in the regions and climates of today's complex developing world, Turkmenistan insists on the need to develop a strategy of peace-loving states' resilience in the fight against conflicts, organized crime, internal and external threats, with a foreign policy of neutrality based on international law. declares its willingness to create new spaces in the field.
The political events of September of this year, in particular, the advisory solutions to the internal problems of strengthening the state structure and reforming public life, the honorable President Serdar Berdimuhamedov's business visit to the Republic of Uzbekistan, during which he had meetings with the Heads of State participating in the meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Supreme Council, and his historic speech at the summit of this organization, clearly revealed his reputation as a prudent head of state and a public worker. As it is known, our country takes an active role in cooperation with the SSC to create conditions for the development of private ownership and entrepreneurship in trade and economy, transport and trade, fuel and energy sectors. Cooperation built in friendly relations allows countries to process raw materials on an industrial basis, to produce new products, to spread the rich experience of organizing innovative production, to raise the mechanism of sharing natural resources in mutually beneficial relationships to new levels. Turkmenistan declares its readiness to create new transit routes for the export of goods and services to regions and regions in accordance with the interests of the SCO member states.
The rich experience of cooperation in the fuel and energy sector of our country is recognized at the international level and confirmed by the Resolutions of the UN General Assembly. Turkmenistan's natural gas fuel is exported to China-China, the world's oldest and multinational country, through the Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline. The length of this transnational gas pipeline, which has the name "Facility of the Century", is unparalleled in the world - 7 thousand kilometers. Its annual capacity is 65 billion cubic meters of gas, according to the amount specified in the project. Gas reserves are obtained from Samandepe of Lebap Velayat, Yashlar, Yoloten and other gas fields of Mary Velayat.
On December 14, 2009, the "Turkmenistan-China" gas pipeline, originating from the contracted Bakhtiyalyk field of the Samandepe gas field, was put into operation with the blessing of the heads of state of the four countries that implemented this large project: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and the People's Republic of China. This trans-Asian gas pipeline, which was created and put into operation with the political will of the Heads of the mentioned countries and the potential of the national economy, will only increase the economic power of the countries participating in the project, the heat of people's hearths, the demand for raw materials of industrial enterprises, the ecological, natural and man-made security of the region, and the prevention of explosion by terrorist acts. , it increases the responsibility of countries to ensure that it is not stolen, and at the same time, it becomes a major component of the global well-being and peace of the world. In short, this rich experience of the countries participating in the project has become a new strategic tool aimed at protecting world peace and ensuring the security of all mankind, and entered history.

It was said in the world mass media that Berdimuhamedov spoke at the summit of the SCO as a young politician and an educated state leader who tirelessly seeks the solution of important issues of great importance to humanity. In his speech, the Turkmen leader said that independent, permanent neutral Turkmenistan sees the development of cooperation with the SCO as a symbol of understanding the future, directing important projects to long-term goals, and that this organization has great services in creating the space of peace, sustainable development and mutually beneficial cooperation of countries in Eurasia.
In his speech, the President noted the great potential of the transport corridors of Turkmenistan to access the regions and climates, emphasized the importance of the modern, multi-faceted international sea port of Turkmenbashi on the Turkmen coast of the Caspian Sea, and the transit corridors on China-Central Asia, Caspian Sea-Black Sea routes, expressed confidence that the active participation of SHG in the creation of logistics centers would be expedient. Along with this, he said that Turkmenistan is always ready to work with interested parties to improve the efficiency of transport corridors that provide cargo transportation from Russian ports in the Baltic Sea to sea terminals in the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean.
Specific examples were given of the fact that the effective relations between the SCO and Turkmenistan in the fields of culture, science, education, and humanitarianism have wide cooperation with this organization. The multifaceted historical experience of relations between countries is enriched with new meaning today. At the end of his speech at the summit of the SCO, the Turkmen leader stressed that the close friendship and brotherly relations with the member states of this organization are the priority direction in the new stages of the world development of Turkmenistan's foreign policy and remain so.
At the regular 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which examines important issues of international life with the participation of the world's states and adopts relevant decisions, Turkmenistan put forward new initiatives and proposals related to the current directions of world development. Also, the parliament was informed about the activities being carried out in the domestic and foreign policy of the country. In that statement, the main course chosen by Turkmenistan in international relations during the 30 years since its admission to the United Nations
it is noted that it is to ensure global strong and long-term peace, security, and sustainable development.
Turkmenistan insists on the need to create a basis for dialogue and improve its culture on the issues of maintaining peace and ensuring global security in today's complex world development. Turkmenistan by the General Assembly of the United Nations
With particular emphasis on the importance of the Resolution "Central Asia - a zone of peace, trust and cooperation" adopted on July 28, 2022, the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly declared 2025 as the "Year of Peace and Trust" presented his proposal to do so. Along with this, taking into account that Turkmenistan has become an important region in the development of Central Asia, as part of preparations for the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the United Nations Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy in Central Asia in Ashgabat, which will be celebrated in December this year, the next Resolution on the role of this center will be considered by the General Assembly. also presented the project. The project reflects the important events of recent years, including the political events related to the declaration of "Central Asia as a zone of peace, trust and cooperation".
The features of the development of the modern world, including Central Asia, expand the scope of the regional center's mission and increase its responsibilities. With Central Asia having the status of a zone of peace, trust and cooperation, misunderstandings and conflicting views between countries are removed, and the level of cooperation is more advantageous to the parties. Thus, Turkmenistan expressed at this historical meeting that it intends to be the first to develop the draft of the Resolution of the United Nations General Assembly entitled "Dialogue is a guarantee of peace" by supporting the culture of dialogue of trust in international relations.
Continuing its initiatives on the need to improve the culture of cooperation dialogue, Turkmenistan announced that it will present its second national review at the high-level Political Forum in 2023 as part of the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals during the 77th session of the General Assembly.
Our country also promotes the need to develop regional and regional cooperation with the tools of transport diplomacy, and in this regard, it continuously continues to create international corridors and intermediate roads and achieves positive results. It holds global conferences and international forums on the sustainable transport system at the highest organizational level. In particular, on August 15-16 of this year, a conference of transport ministers of landlocked developing countries was held in Turkmenbashi. Relevant documents on generalization of its results were prepared.
At present, the goods of the countries of the world are transported without obstacles from the territory of Turkmenistan to the regions of the world through logistics centers in the fields of air, rail, water and black roads. This strengthens the position of Turkmenistan in the world's political space, countries willing to cooperate are given benefits in terms of customs, visa taxes and other payments. The state guarantees that computers are not stolen, stored in warehouses, damaged, and delivered to the required place as soon as possible.
During the 77th session of the United Nations, the tasks of states and international organizations regarding the cleanliness of the air we breathe were also discussed. It was said that Turkmenistan's work with partner countries in ensuring the well-being of the environment and environmental safety is yielding good results. Our country considers the issue of the island's security to be a special area of ​​work of the United Nations. In May 2023, Turkmenistan intends to continue negotiations on the draft resolution of the Economic and Social Commission for the Asia-Pacific region of the United Nations on the establishment of a special program for the Aral Sea.
At this session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, Turkmenistan again put forward its proposal to develop a global strategy for the use of low-carbon energy, in particular, an international "Roadmap" for the development of hydrogen energy under the auspices of this organization.
In general, independent, permanent neutral Turkmenistan expressed its initiatives and priorities at the 77th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations as a clear statement of its unwavering commitment to the norms of international law, active cooperation in the pursuit of the goals of sustainable development in concrete diplomatic instruments and on the basis of a new outlook.


Ashirgeldi Atayev is the section editor of "Bilim" magazine